As part of the GLA project activities, FoE-Ghana, A Rocha Ghana and Tropenbos Ghana held a press briefing on 17 May 2018, to expose how the China Development Bank is contradicting its own green policies and the China Banking Regulatory Authority’s ‘Green Credit Directive’ by potentially investing in the destruction of the Atiwa Forest. FoE Ghana pointed out that bauxite mining in the Atiwa Forest would have very damaging impacts for biodiversity, wildlife, climate, water resources, and people (present and future). FoE-Ghana requested that the China Development Bank should officially commit to not fund any bauxite mining within the Atiwa Forest, and further requested the Government of Ghana to stop all mining and prospecting in Ghana’s Forest Reserves.
Daryl Bosu, Deputy National Director of A Rocha Ghana, presented the importance of Atiwa Forest including for ecology, biodiversity and water provision.
You can read the statement by FoE-Ghana’s Director, Theo Anderson, below. There is also a clip from The Pulse on Joy News, and links to some other media articles.
GhanaWeb: Take Atewa forest out of areas targeted for bauxite mining – FoE Ghana
GhanaWeb Business News: Mining Atewa forest will make Ghana worse off — Group
Daily Web Online: FOE-Ghana Cautions China Development Bank not to Fund Bauxite Mining in ‘Atewa forest’
Modern Ghana: Environmental Groups Oppose Atiwa Bauxite Project
This press conference is organized by Friends of the Earth-Ghana in collaboration with A Rocha-Ghana, a conservation organization, and Tropenbos Ghana, a forest research organization under the auspices of the Green livelihood Alliance, of which we are all partners. This press conference is part of the activities under the “Save the Atewa” campaign.
The purpose of this press conference is three fold:
In July 2017, the Senior Minister Yaw Osafo-Maafo stated that Ghana had signed a memorandum of understanding with the China Development Bank to loan US$10 billion to Ghana’s alumina project.
About a month ago, I attended a ceremony hosted by the Norwegian Embassy and the Vice President, HE Dr Bawumia gave a key note address. He mentioned that Bauxite mining will be a major source of GOG revenue to fund “Ghana’s beyond Aid Programme”
FoE-Ghana together with our GLA partners and supported by 65 NGOs from Ghana and across the world sent a letter to the China Development Bank stating our concerns regarding the proposed Chinese-funded bauxite mining in Atewa Forest.
The letter was also copied to a number of other institutions and organisations including: Government of the People’s Republic of China (Ministries for Foreign Affairs, Environmental Protection, and Commerce), Chinese Ambassador to Ghana, China Banking Regulatory Commission, and some centres for national and international affairs in PR China.
Other steps taken by the GLA partners over the past year (just to mention a few):
In our letter to the China Development Bank in December 2017, FoE-Ghana highlighted the apparent contradiction between the Chinese Development Bank’s green agenda and her commitment to fund the bauxite mining in the Atewa forest. Some of the CDB’s green agenda items include:
We now urge the China Development Bank (CDB), to first consider funding a Strategic Environmental Assessment of the whole area that is proposed for the Bauxite mining especially in the Atewa forest landscape. Such a study will present in an objective way the consequences for local communities living at the fringes and the opportunities such a venture will offer for Ghana as a whole. An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) alone is not enough.
We want to remind the Chinese Development Bank that funding the destruction of the Atewa Forest violates the Bank’s own environmental principles and has a consequence for the bank’s reputation and public image and we call on the Chinese Banking Regulatory Authority to apply all the necessary sanctions on the CDB should they go ahead to fund the bauxite mining in the Atewa forest.
In summary FoE Ghana maintains that China Development Bank’s proposed funding towards Bauxite Mining in the Atewa Forest would have very damaging impacts for biodiversity, wildlife, climate, water resources, and people (present and future). Funding bauxite mining in the Atewa Forest is completely inconsistent with:
We requested that, to properly fulfil these many commitments of the China Development Bank, the bank should:
FoE Ghana will like to remind Ghana Government that, over the years, successive Governments in Ghana have received tens of millions of dollars in aid for the purpose of sustainably managing and conserving our forests resources. To destroy our forests through mining will be an affront to those whose taxes are given to us in development aid for the purpose of sustainably managing our forests. We therefore urge the GOG as a matter of urgency to stop all mining and prospecting activities in Ghana’s forest reserves.
We further urge the Government of Ghana and the China Development Bank to explore alternative ways in which the Atewa forest will generate additional financial resources for the state and also to support development of local communities while preserving the ecological integrity for the Atewa forest. Such initiatives could include the protection of the Atewa forest as a National Park to be developed for ecotourism, scientific study and educational opportunities, together with various sustainable economic livelihoods for local communities.
We finally want to remind the Ghana Government that any country whose economy is dependent on the extraction of exhaustible natural resources is not sustainable in the long run.
Strategic environmental Analysis (SEA): is a systematic process, aiming to ensure that environmental and possibly other sustainability aspects are considered effectively in policy, plan and programme making. Mostly an SEA is conducted before a corresponding Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is undertaken. This means that information on the environmental impact of a plan can cascade down through the tiers of decision making and can be used in an EIA at a later stage. Applying SEA to development co-operation provides the environmental evidence to support more informed decisions making, and to identify new opportunities by encouraging a systematic and through examination of development options.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): UNEP defines an EIA as a tool used to identify the environment, social and economic impacts of a project prior to decision making. It aims to predict environmental impacts at an early stage in project planning and design, makes proposals to reduce adverse impacts, shapes projects to suit the local environment and presents predictions and options to decision makers.